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文艺理论研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 140-147.

• 专题:数字与文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

从文本实验到实验文本:“人工智能文学”的表达性重复

朱恬骅   

  1. 上海社会科学院
  • 出版日期:2021-09-25 发布日期:2021-09-26
  • 作者简介:朱恬骅,文学博士,上海社会科学院文学研究所助理研究员,主要从事计算机艺术与美学研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家社科基金艺术学青年项目“计算机艺术历史生成问题的人类学美学研究”[项目编号:21CA169]的阶段性成果

From Textual Experiments to Experimental Texts: Expressive Repetition in “Artificial Intelligence Literature”

Zhu Tianhua   

  1. Institute of Literature of Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences
  • Online:2021-09-25 Published:2021-09-26
  • About author:Zhu Tianhua, Ph.D., is an assistant researcher at the Institute of Literature of Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, with research interest in computer art and aesthetics.
  • Supported by:

     National Social Sciences Fund (Art Studies) of China (No. 21CA169)

摘要: 人工智能诞生70年来,用计算机进行文学“创作”的尝试贯穿于技术发展的各个阶段。这一“人工智能文学”从技术研究者围绕字词进行的“文本实验”逐步演变为探索文学观念可能性的“实验文本”,机器思维问题、文本生成问题和机器创作问题等原始问题贯穿其中,体现了社会观念和技术实践的双向构成。早期实践中艺术主张和技术路径选择的闭环互证走向失效,而在当下技术情境中依托人工智能技术施行的表达性重复,是“人工智能文学”从为技术可能性作证转变为文学价值自证的关键。

关键词:

"> 人工智能; 文本实验; 实验文本; 表达性重复; 机器创作问题

Abstract:

In the 70 years since the birth of artificial intelligence, attempts at literary “creation” with computers have run through the course of technological development, creating what one might call “artificial intelligence literature” (AI literature). Evolving from “textual experiments” carried out by technological researchers to “experimental texts” that explore the possibilities of literary conceptualization, AI literature integrates original problematics including machine thinking, text generation, and machine creation, which exhibits the two-way interaction between social ideas and technological practice. In the early stage, the closed-loop of mutual verification between artistic ideas and technological choices turned out to be a failure, while AI-driven expressive repetitions are made probable in the contemporary technological context, paving the way for the transformation of AI literature from confirmation of technological possibilities to self-verification of literary value.

Key words: artificial intelligence, textual experiments, experimental texts, expressive repetition, problem of machine creation